In one pandemic actuality, eating places are packed. There are not any coronavirus limits at college-town bars. No social-distancing dots speckling the ground. Some individuals are sporting masks, however even a weak proposal to make it a requirement in a single metropolis prompted an outcry. Welcome to South Dakota.

In one other, a whole bunch of miles to the south, a lot of life is shut down. No eating inside eating places. Capacity limits at Walmart. Shuttered bookstores, museums, hair salons, parks. A mask-wearing tradition so widespread that somebody put one on an old statue. Welcome to New Mexico.

This is the view from America’s two discordant, dissonant pandemic realities.

The pandemic and the nation’s disjointed response have taken the notion of two Americas to a brand new excessive. As circumstances of the virus within the United States on Friday surpassed 196,000, greater than on another day of the pandemic, the each day routines of tens of millions of Americans at the moment are formed by their ZIP codes and governors and beliefs in regards to the virus: Do they put on masks? Go to highschool in particular person or on-line? Eat out? Get uncovered to the virus?

Hospitalization charges in South Dakota have been the best within the nation, however a conservative frontier philosophy dominates the state’s strategy. Some cities, shops and faculty districts require masks or social distancing, however, as an entire, South Dakota has the fewest restrictions of any state, with neither a masks mandate nor vital limits on companies. Gov. Kristi Noem, a Republican, has referred to as that distinction a badge of freedom and criticized restrictions as ineffective and economically harmful.

“You would not even know there is a pandemic occurring,” mentioned Heidi Haugan, a mom of 4 younger youngsters in Sioux Falls, South Dakota’s largest metropolis.

As the virus surged in New Mexico, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham, a Democrat, on Monday put the state’s two million residents below a number of the hardest restrictions within the nation, issuing a two-week stay-at-home order, banning restaurant eating, setting capability limits on grocery shops and shutting indoor malls, film theaters and gymnasiums.

The limits conflict with the wide-open really feel of a spot the place the skyscrapers are mountain ranges, and have exacerbated months of tension and financial ache.

“It’s one thing that my mailman mentioned a number of months in the past,” mentioned State Representative Angelica Rubio, a Democrat who represents Las Cruces. “He mentioned we should always have by no means began calling it social distancing. What we should always have referred to as it was bodily distancing. The fundamental idea of the language that we have used to attempt to deter individuals from being bodily collectively — how may we nonetheless have some sort of neighborhood no matter that?”

It felt like going again in time. A Saturday night time in Vermillion, dwelling to the University of South Dakota, and bars and eating places have been brimming with dad and mom celebrating after the state high-school soccer championships.

Chad Grunewaldt hung a “Masks Expected” signal on the entrance door of his two-story bar, the Old Lumber Company. Like many companies, he left the choice as much as workers and patrons. Some servers and bartenders have gotten sick, and Mr. Grunewaldt mentioned he sends them dwelling and welcomes them again after they get better. But he was cautious of the rising requires masks orders and restrictions on enterprise.

“It’s not a dictatorship,” he mentioned.

In New Mexico, the virus has pummeled the financial system, which has lengthy been one of many nation’s poorest. Unemployment within the state has risen to eight % throughout the pandemic — roughly the identical as Arizona, its Republican-led neighbor — and small-business homeowners voice widespread fears about closing down.

South Dakota’s financial system, which Governor Noem has declared “open for enterprise” throughout the pandemic has fared higher, with unemployment at 3.6 %, effectively under the 6.9 % nationwide common. But critics surprise in regards to the public-health prices of staying open.

Right now, South Dakota has the nation’s second-highest price of latest circumstances. More than 7 % of the state’s residents have examined optimistic. New Mexico has fewer circumstances per capita, however a extra alarming development line. Though experiences of latest infections have began to degree off in South Dakota, each day case numbers have greater than doubled over the previous two weeks in New Mexico.

In New Mexico, Tom Hutchinson laid off 80 workers at his two eating places in Mesilla, a small city subsequent to Las Cruces, on the primary day of the governor’s ban on dine-in service. Because of the prohibition on massive gatherings, most of the staff came upon by means of a web-based scheduling system and notices posted on the eating places.

“That’s a hell of a strategy to inform anyone,” Mr. Hutchinson mentioned. “I’d love to have the ability to pay them, however we have now no income to pay them with.”

Before the pandemic, he had 170 staff. Now he has about 20.

His 81-year-old restaurant, La Posta de Mesilla, is a sort of museum, if museums smelled of enchiladas. Tucked into an old adobe stagecoach cease, it sits throughout the road from the constructing the place Billy the Kid was convicted of homicide in 1881.

“It’s unhappy as hell to stroll by means of this place and never see anyone,” Mr. Hutchinson mentioned.

In Sioux Falls, Joy Howe has by no means worn a masks or taken a Covid take a look at. She vows she by no means will.

She has customary a life seemingly unfazed by the pandemic raging round her: Unmasked church companies on Sundays. In-person piano classes for her youngsters on Tuesdays and Bible courses on Wednesdays at their evangelical church. Sioux Falls handed a masks mandate this week, however Ms. Howe mentioned she is not going to observe it.

She is planning a menu of turkey, carrot casserole and strawberry-glazed fruit salad for Thanksgiving, when 20 members of the family will pile into her home.

It is all intentionally, defiantly regular. “We have by no means stopped doing something we have at all times executed,” she mentioned. The remainder of America, she mentioned, “are dropping their souls. And with that they’ll lose this nation.”

In New Mexico, Mary Helen Ratje, 67, often wears a masks when she ventures outdoor. She has been examined 4 instances. She does this not a lot for herself, however for her father, who turned 100 in August.

Her father, J. Paul Taylor y Romero, who served for 18 years within the New Mexico Legislature, stays indoors most days at his adobe dwelling, apart from journeys to the physician and an occasional drive together with his household.

“I believe that if the governor and our metropolis hadn’t taken the steps that that they had, individuals would really feel like they’ve extra freedom to be round aged individuals like my dad,” mentioned Ms. Ratje, who teaches at a constitution college named for her father.

Interviewed by phone, Mr. Taylor mentioned he was doing fairly effectively “for a 100-year-old man.”

“My youngsters are very protecting of me, I ought to let you know that,” he mentioned. “I believe all of them assume I’m going to die, however I’m not able to die.”

Allison Byington, who lives in South Dakota, mentioned her mom not too long ago referred to as her a assassin for refusing to put on a face masks. “We do not have a relationship anymore,” Ms. Byington mentioned.

Ms. Byington sees not masking as her choice. She doesn’t put on one when she units out on Mondays to comb by means of thrift shops for the web resale enterprise she runs along with her husband. They pulled their 8-year-old son from college when the district required masks.

Ms. Byington’s mom, Jeannie Ammon, says she is just attempting to maintain herself, her husband and an ailing oldest daughter alive. She mentioned her youngest daughter had unfriended her on Facebook.

“It’s triggered quite a lot of pressure within the household,,” Ms. Ammon mentioned. “We really feel like we’re simply skipping over land mines.”

In the suburbs of Sioux Falls, the pandemic has made Lacey Wingert’s household really feel like strangers to their dwelling state.

While the household cloistered of their dwelling beside farm fields, their Instagram feeds have been an infinite stream of birthdays, soccer video games, weekends on the corn maze, youngsters unmasked and joyful and dwelling a life that did not exist for the Wingerts’ 4 youngsters anymore.

“Some individuals simply do not care,” mentioned 8-year-old Nolan.

Ms. Wingert’s 13-year-old son, Conner, is at excessive threat due to a coronary heart situation and a collapsed lung he suffered at start. A number of weeks in the past, with circumstances rising and plenty of college students maskless in school, Ms. Wingert determined to enroll her youngsters in on-line courses. Conner mentioned he wished his college had simply insisted on masks.

“They did not even attempt to assist me,” he mentioned. “They simply gave me up.”

Between 12-hour shifts in a Covid-19 ward in Sioux Falls the place each mattress is full, Dianne Dansman tried to pop right into a greenback retailer. Inside it was so crowded. Almost no one in masks. She fled.

She would really like individuals to cease calling her a “masker” or “a type of” when she wears a face protecting. She cringes when customers curse on the volunteers providing masks on the entrance to grocery shops. She wish to not really feel this hopeless.

“Nobody’s on the identical web page of this e-book,” she mentioned. “There are days once you drive dwelling in tears.”

In Las Cruces, family members huddle outdoors I.C.U. home windows at Memorial Medical Center, watching their family members. Next to the bushes and shrubs, they relaxation their palms on the glass and tape trinkets and crucifixes to the home windows.

With nobody allowed inside, one household makes use of a picket pallet as a stepping stool, as a result of a number of the home windows are too excessive off the bottom.

Relatives and buddies of Sylvia Garcia, 60, have gathered outdoors since she arrived three weeks in the past. She used to tease her youngsters, telling them she didn’t have three youngsters, however a whole bunch of them. She has been a instructor for many years.

Dominic Garcia, 26, the youngest of her youngsters, mentioned nobody is aware of how she acquired contaminated. He heads nightly to the I.C.U. home windows straight from work, his palms and cargo pants nonetheless smeared with paint.

“You cannot even describe the sentiments you get once you’re outdoors of a window, and you’ll’t go in there,” Mr. Garcia mentioned. “You begin pondering I ought to have hugged her a little bit bit more durable. I ought to have held her hand a little bit bit tighter.”

Early one night, a stranger walked as much as the Garcia household and one other household outdoors one other window. The girl was holding two pizza containers. She handed every household a pizza and rapidly walked again down the sidewalk.

She had a masks on her face and tears in her eyes.

Mitch Smith contributed reporting.

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